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Quadro di riferimento


Quadro di riferimento


The 2011 crisis has worsened some of Yemen’s traditional problems (GDP suffered -7,8 % - Economist Intelligence Unit), causing at the same time a serious humanitarian emergency marked by the increase of malnutrition rates, worsening hygienic conditions and limited access to drinking water, new epidemic outbreaks (cholera, dengue, dysentery, measles), growing number of refugees (around 460,000 IDPs - Internally Displaced Persons at the end of 2011, “Joint United Nations Framework to support transition in Yemen, 2012-14”). Difficulties which result even more challenging in light of the constant, high levels of demographic growth (over 3 % per year)

In consideration of the seriousness of the situation, the United Nations have presented in December 2011 in Geneva an ambitious aid plan, the “Yemen Humanitarian Response Plan” (YHRP), which  calls for interventions from donors in the order of 450 mil. US $. Many countries have answered the UN appeal, through direct financing to the YHRP or via bilateral initiatives. Italy has donated 35 tons of aid (March 2012) for the worst hit regions in Yemen.

The issue of humanitarian aid has been discussed also at the ‘Friends of Yemen’ (FoY) Ministerial meeting in Riyadh (23rd May 2012): on that occasion countries form the Gulf Cooperation Council (GCC), notably Saudi Arabia, have announced  the upcoming launch of important aid measures.

Apart form the humanitarian emergency, Yemen will have to face in the upcoming years other significant challenges whose solution appears necessary in order to stimulate a new period of sustainable economic growth for the country. Some of these are: the impoverishment of known extraction plants (oil and gas); the risk of aquifer depletion (due to intensive farming of qat and to climate change) and the need for rationalization; security problems which affect many areas of the country, thus limiting the exploitation and exploration of oil and gas fields, effecting negatively the tourism industry (another important source of income for the national economy) and discouraging foreign investments in general.